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Backward Pass
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Use of Hands Arms & Body

Football Tips and Resources

Defensive Backfield
Defensive Line Essentials
Defensive Line Play vs. Pass
Defensive Line Stance
Learning How to Punt & Kick
Offensive Line Center Snap
Quarterback Basics
Quarterback Basic Training
Quarterback Ball Grip
Tight End - Characteristics
Wide Receiver
Wide Receiver - Characteristics

Special Teams Strategy
Defensive Strategy
Specific Offensive Strategies
Special Offensive Plays
Passing Plays
Running Plays
Offensive Formations
Offensive Players
Offensive Strategy
Intro to Football Strategy



Essentials of Defensive Line Play

Whether the emphasis is on reading, penetrating or blitzing, the defensive player is taught sound, basic defensive fundamentals. These are namely a good stance, a strong attack - or effective neutralizing blow, an escape technique, and a persistent pursuit angle.

The Baltimore Ravens believe in the following five essentials of good defensive line play:

1. Stance Somewhat Neutral
2. Attack Defensive Disposition
3. Neutralize Control
4. Escape Quickness Strength
5. Pursuit Get Your Shot

Regardless of what type of defense we may use, we will always emphasize five cardinal points.

Breakdown of the essentials of good defensive line play vs. The Running Game:

1. Stance - the proper body position and weight distribution a lineman must have to enable him to make quick powerful movements in any direction with ease.

2. Attack - a players ability to meet the charge of the blocker in good fundamental position.

3. Neutralize - the defensive blow delivered to stop an opponents charge in order to maintain control.

4. Escape - the ability with which you control and/or shed the blocker.

5. Pursuit - the proper path and effort made in intercepting the ball carrier.

Principles of rushing the passer

1. A pass defense is only as good as its pass rush
2. The ability to apply devastative power to blockers, to get them out of control and to throw them aside is essential to a good pass rush.
3. Only second efforts will do the job
4. At last instant, raise arms high and force passer to throw out of well
5. Get reputation for being hard throw over knock at least one pass down per game.

Basic fundamentals
Regardless of the technique you use, there are basic fundamentals that are vital in order to be effective:

1. Anticipation of a pass determined by field position and down and distance.
2. Immediate pass recognition predicated on offensive movement.
3. Quickness and decisiveness on your initial move.
4. Coordination of the hands, feet and head movements.
5. Try to pin the blocker down quickly and free yourself to get to the passer (exception: shoulder drive).
6. Keeping your momentum towards the passer without lost motion. We must get penetration into the throwing zone and force the passer to move from the pocket divert his attention.
7. Keeping your shoulder forward of the feet to prevent blocker from getting under you.
8. Keep your eyes on the passer while your hands, head and feet get you there.
9. If you have not reached the passer, get the hands up as he starts to throw to block the ball, force elevation of throw or make him pull it down.
10. Once the ball is thrown, sprint in direction of throw to block for an interception return; in case of short pass, get in on a clean up tackle or recover a fumble.
11. If you are blocked out of your lane, stop and work back through your lane.

Note: Working on strengthening the hands and arms daily. This will make you more effective with your hand grabs, swipes, pulls, and throws. Whatever your physical traits may be mental toughness, pride and desire to excel have no peers.

Techniques of pass blocking

1. Rider:

Blocking uses the rushers reactions and momentum to keep him out of the pocket. He relies on his balance, maneuverability and use of his hands to ward off hand grabs. He is most susceptible to the shoulder and quick drive, with a counter move off of each.

2. Pop & recoil:
This technique is used to stop the overpowering type player. It is an aggressive head block from the numbers up under the chin and recoiling back to position for a follow up, pop, cut or ride. He is susceptible to the pull and swipe. Quickness in getting by this type blocker before he can regain his recoil position is important.

3. Set & cut:
Generally employed by shorter players often used on short passes and as a change of pace for the overpowering type rusher and arm swiper. The use of the hands in pulling this blocker aside or head faking with a pull is effective. A rusher should jump or limp-leg this blocker occasionally. Always strive to get one leg over the cut block to insure maximum recoverability.

4. Aggressive:
This is a butt block used on play action passes. The fake of a run to disguise the pass holds the defender momentarily; however, the blocker generally is over extended and easily pulled or thrown off balance.

5. Quick action:
An aggressive head block through the groin designed to tie up the legs and keep the hands down on short passes. This technique is susceptible to quick pull or jumping over blocker.

Pass rush techniques

1. Shoulder drive:

Strong surge over outside shoulder of offensive lineman. It is designed to defeat the rider type blocker that lacks strength or sets inside too much. This is an all-out assault to whip your man physically, and must your first technique because it sets your man for all other escape moves.

1. No head fakes, pull or throw, but simply a Power thrust at the point where the QB sets up.

2. Force the blocker back into the QB.

3. Once you have been successful you have forced the blocker to commit his strength to stop you. He is ready for the fake shoulder drive and throw off-shoulder, arm and hand swipe.

4. It is vital that the inside shoulder is forward and under the blocker and hold your leverage and momentum throughout the drive.

2. Quick drive:
This is the speed escape designed to outrun the blocker that sets inside too much, has slow footwork or crosses over to engage the rusher. Should also be used when QB does not step back into the pocket to give blocker advantage.

1. It is to your advantage to widen your position slightly or drive directly upfield to avoid immediate contact with blocker. You are sprinting to a point and attempting to defeat your opponents poor footwork and quickness. The ideal time to exploit this is on an inside blitz.

2. Jerk blocker towards l.o.s. simultaneously stepping away from him on the side you intend to escape.

3. A quick head fake inside your initial move is often effective.

3. Counter
This move is opposite the throw. You are faking a rush and pulling the blocker that sets towards you or to l.o.s. it is good against pop and recoil type, aggressive control or one who gets his head down and his weight committed forward.

1. Fake an inside or out rush with a strong hand grab n the shoulder pads good head fake important.

2. Jerk blocker towards l.o.s simultaneously stepping away form him on side you intend to escape.

4. Swim
Charge the blockers outside and grand pull his shoulders with your outside hand. Simultaneously with this pull, reach over his shoulder with your inside arm and catapult yourself free from his block in the direction of the passer.

1. An inside head fake is a good combination as it is an even more effective technique if the blocker is leading away form your move.

2. Along with the reaching technique, the rusher should combine a quick thrust.






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